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    A copy of the Anis al-hujjaj (‘Companion for Pilgrims’) of Safi ibn Vali pilgrims at Muzdalifa on Collections Sphere from Khalili Collections

    Written during the year-long pilgrimage undertaken by the author in 1676–77, the Anis al-Hujjaj gives advice to prospective pilgrims on every aspect of the journey.The author’s own pilgrimage was made possible through the financial help of Zib al-Nisa, a daughter of the Mughal emperor Awrangzeb, for whom he had written a commentary on the Qur’an. The manuscript differs from other guides to the Holy Places in that its illustrations include vivid scenes of pilgrims performing the various rites and cogent pictures of their camp life. Illustrated here is the scene at Muzdalifa, with the pilgrims in the state of ihram, collecting pebbles. The pebbles are used in the rituals at Mina, when they must cast the pebbles at three pillars, called the Jamarat, which symbolise the devil.

    A copy of the Anis al-hujjaj (‘Companion for Pilgrims’) of Safi ibn Vali pilgrims at Muzdalifa